A Distant Fast Radio Burst Associated with Its Host Galaxy by the Very Large Array

Casey J. Law, Bryan J. Butler, J. Xavier Prochaska, Barak Zackay, Sarah Burke-Spolaor, Alexandra Mannings, NICOLÁS ANDRÉS TEJOS SALGADO, Alexander Josephy, Bridget Andersen, Pragya Chawla, Kasper E. Heintz, Kshitij Aggarwal, Geoffrey C. Bower, Paul B. Demorest, Charles D. Kilpatrick, T. Joseph W. Lazio, Justin Linford, Ryan McKinven, Shriharsh Tendulkar, Sunil Simha

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Scopus citations

Abstract

We present the discovery and subarcsecond localization of a new fast radio burst (FRB) by the Karl G. Jansky Very Large Array (VLA) and realfast search system. The FRB was discovered on 2019 June 14 with a dispersion measure of 959 pc cm-3. This is the highest DM of any localized FRB and its measured burst fluence of 0.6 Jy ms is less than nearly all other FRBs. The source is not detected to repeat in 15 hr of VLA observing and 153 hr of CHIME/FRB observing. We describe a suite of statistical and data quality tests we used to verify the significance of the event and its localization precision. Follow-up optical/infrared photometry with Keck and Gemini associate the FRB with a pair of galaxies with r ∼ 23 mag. The false-alarm rate for radio transients of this significance that are associated with a host galaxy is roughly 3 × 10-4 hr-1. The two putative host galaxies have similar photometric redshifts of zphot ~ 0.6, but different colors and stellar masses. Comparing the host distance to that implied by the dispersion measure suggests a modest (~50 pc cm-3) electron column density associated with the FRB environment or host galaxy/galaxies.

Original languageEnglish
Article number161
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Volume899
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 20 Aug 2020
Externally publishedYes

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