A reactive population approach on the dolphin echolocation algorithm for solving cell manufacturing systems

Ricardo Soto, Broderick Crawford, Rodrigo Olivares, César Carrasco, Eduardo Rodriguez-Tello, Carlos Castro, Fernando Paredes, Hanns de la Fuente-Mella

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations


In this paper, we integrate the autonomous search paradigm on a swarm intelligence algorithm in order to incorporate the auto-adjust capability on parameter values during the run. We propose an independent procedure that begins to work when it detects a stagnation in a local optimum, and it can be applied to any population-based algorithms. For that, we employ the autonomous search technique which allows solvers to automatically re-configure its solving parameters for enhancing the process when poor performances are detected. This feature is dramatically crucial when swarm intelligence methods are developed and tested. Finding the best parameter values that generate the best results is known as an optimization problem itself. For that, we evaluate the behavior of the population size to autonomously be adapted and controlled during the solving time according to the requirements of the problem. The proposal is testing on the dolphin echolocation algorithm which is a recent swarm intelligence algorithm based on the dolphin feature to navigate underwater and identify prey. As an optimization problem to solve, we test a machine-part cell formation problem which is a widely used technique for improving production flexibility, efficiency, and cost reduction in the manufacturing industry decomposing a manufacturing plant in a set of clusters called cells. The goal is to design a cell layout in such a way that the need for moving parts from one cell to another is minimized. Using statistical non-parametric tests, we demonstrate that the proposed approach efficiently solves 160 well-known cell manufacturing instances outperforming the classic optimization algorithm as well as other approaches reported in the literature, while keeping excellent robustness levels.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1389
Issue number9
StatePublished - Sep 2020


  • Auto-adjust parameter values
  • Autonomous search
  • Cell manufacturing systems
  • Swarm intelligence


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