Activity coefficients of KCl in PEG 4000+water mixtures at 288.15, 298.15 and 308.15K

Felipe Hernández-Luis, Raquel Rodríguez-Raposo, Héctor R. Galleguillos, Jaime W. Morales

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The electromotive force of the cell containing two ion-selective electrodes (ISE), K-ISEvertical barKCl(m), PEG 4000(Y), H2O(100-Y)vertical barCl-ISE has been measured at temperatures of 288.15, 298.15, and 308.15K as a function of the weight percentage Y of PEG 4000 in a mixed solvent. Y was varied between 0 and 25wt.% in five-unit steps and the molality of the electrolyte (m) was between ca. 0.05molkg-1 and almost saturation. The values of the standard electromotive force were calculated using routine methods of extrapolation together with extended Debye-Hückel and Pitzer equations. The results obtained produced good internal consistency for all the temperatures studied. Once the standard electromotive force was determined, mean ionic activity coefficients for KCl, Gibbs energy of transfer from the water to PEG 4000+water mixtures, interaction parameters (gEN, hEN, sEN, cp,EN), salting constants, and the KCl primary hydration number were estimated and comparatively discussed in terms of a model of structural and electrostatic interactions with those of the LiCl and NaCl previously obtained in similar mixtures.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)163-171
Number of pages9
JournalFluid Phase Equilibria
Issue number2
StatePublished - Aug 2010
Externally publishedYes


  • Activity coefficient
  • Emf
  • Ion-selective electrode (ISE)
  • KCl
  • PEG 4000


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