Adapting card sorting for blind people: Evaluation of the interaction design in TalkBack

Teresita de Jesús Álvarez Robles, Francisco Javier Álvarez Rodríguez, Edgard Benítez-Guerrero, Cristian Rusu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations


This article reports the results of a research project conducted to address the lack of feedback provided by generic user eXperience (UX)design methods, specifically in the case of applications for blind users. The objective of this research was to determine whether the application of a modified card sorting interaction design method with blind users can provide valuable insights into the desirable architecture of the menus in an interactive software system. For the analysis of the effectiveness of this approach, we performed the test with 15 blind users, using a modified semi-closed card sorting method, focusing on the menu structure of specific software (Android TalkBack). As a result, we obtained significant feedback for menu organization that included the users suggestions for new tasks and categories. Based on these data, we recommend the use of the modified card sorting interaction design method to evaluate the usability of applications for blind users, because this method allows reliably defining how to select and order the menu items in an intuitive and friendly way that is specific for this type of users.

Original languageEnglish
Article number103356
JournalComputer Standards and Interfaces
StatePublished - Oct 2019


  • Blind people
  • Card sorting
  • Design and evaluation methods
  • Human-computer interaction (HCI)
  • Interaction design


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