Adaptive estimation of vector autoregressive models with time-varying variance: Application to testing linear causality in mean

Valentin Patilea, Hamdi Raïssi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

12 Scopus citations

Abstract

Linear vector autoregressive (VAR) models where the innovations could be unconditionally heteroscedastic are considered. The volatility structure is deterministic and quite general, including breaks or trending variances as special cases. In this framework we propose ordinary least squares (OLS), generalized least squares (GLS) and adaptive least squares (ALS) procedures. The GLS estimator requires the knowledge of the time-varying variance structure while in the ALS approach the unknown variance is estimated by kernel smoothing with the outer product of the OLS residual vectors. Different bandwidths for the different cells of the time-varying variance matrix are also allowed. We derive the asymptotic distribution of the proposed estimators for the VAR model coefficients and compare their properties. In particular we show that the ALS estimator is asymptotically equivalent to the infeasible GLS estimator. This asymptotic equivalence is obtained uniformly with respect to the bandwidth(s) in a given range and hence justifies data-driven bandwidth rules. Using these results we build Wald tests for the linear Granger causality in mean which are adapted to VAR processes driven by errors with a nonstationary volatility. It is also shown that the commonly used standard Wald test for the linear Granger causality in mean is potentially unreliable in our framework (incorrect level and lower asymptotic power). Monte Carlo experiments illustrate the use of the different estimation approaches for the analysis of VAR models with time-varying variance innovations.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2891-2912
Number of pages22
JournalJournal of Statistical Planning and Inference
Volume142
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 2012
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Adaptive least squares
  • Bahadur relative efficiency
  • Heteroscedastic errors
  • Kernel smoothing
  • Linear causality in mean
  • Ordinary least squares
  • VAR model

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