Air transportation income and price elasticities in remote areas: The case of the Brazilian Amazon Region

Rodrigo V. Ventura, Manoela Cabo, Rafael Caixeta, Elton Fernandes, Vicente Aprigliano Fernandes

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

The literature, aimed at understanding the income-price elasticity of air passenger demand, bases its analysis on airport movement. The diversity of studies regarding the casualty between air transportation and economic growth are examples. Some studies covering this link, estimate the income-price relationship with the demand considering international traffic. Considering a domestic setting, where this traffic is significant in Brazil, studies related to remote regions are scarce, and the existing ones focus on governmental policies and subsidies. In addition, empirical studies on the theme consenter themselves in developed regions, such as Europe, North America, and Australia. For Brazil, where we find the Amazon region, there is no empirical research. This paper analyses the price-income elasticity of the demand regarding domestic passengers in air links from remote cities of the Brazilian Amazon. This study uses panel data regression analysis method on a database of domestic scheduled flights of Braziĺs National Civil Aviation Agency. The results show that air passengers involving remote region flights present a lower sensitivity regarding local income and an airlinés price variations than those in flights among capitals. The higher difference is in the income elasticity of the remote city of origin, which is lower than that of the air traffic among capitals.

Original languageEnglish
Article number6039
JournalSustainability (Switzerland)
Volume12
Issue number15
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 2020
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Air transportation
  • Brazilian Amazon
  • Demand
  • Elasticity
  • Isolated cities

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