Summary: The size selectivity of alternative codends for nylon shrimp and yellow squat lobster was studied off the Chilean coast using the covered codend technique. Various mesh sizes (47 and 63mm mesh opening) and shapes (diamond and square) in the codends were used. For both species, substituting the DM47 codend with the DM63 codend significantly increased 50% retention length (l50). The change of diamond (DM47) to square mesh (SM47) had a positive effect in size selectivity for nylon shrimp. For yellow squat lobster, no significant effect was observed when changing the diamond (DM63) to square mesh (SM63). Selectivity data were modeled by considering explanatory variables such as 'codend catch weight' and 'vessel'. Increases in the catch significantly reduced the l50 for both species whereas the vessel factor was not significant. Finally, using the length at first maturity as a reference value, the authors concluded that the DM47 codend failed to protect the immature portion of either stock, thus the DM63 codend is recommended.