Analyzing social media, analyzing the social? A methodological discussion about the demoscopic and predictive potential of social media

PEDRO ANTONIO SANTANDER MOLINA, Rodrigo Alfaro, Héctor Allende-Cid, CLAUDIO ELORTEGUI GOMEZ, Cristian González

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The impact of computational technologies and the worldwide use of Internet entails a theoretical and methodological challenge for social scientists, considering the purpose of observing, interpreting and explaining human and social behaviour. Today, the digital environment seems to be an adequate space for this exploration and the emergence of the Web 2.0 offers common people the possibility of expressing and sharing their opinions on a daily basis. Due to the ubiquity of technology, Internet and social media in people’s lives, socialization and its expressiveness have changed. If this is the case, the means to measure the perceptions, opinions and judgements of citizens should also change. The immense quantity of data available to be analysed today poses a challenge for the traditional scientific model. In this sense, it could be necessary for social research to move towards the analysis of the web and consider the potential predictive capacity of digital demoscopy. A new field of study has opened, with interest in exploring the predictive capacity of social media in electoral contexts. As a research group comprised by linguists, communication experts and engineers we explored the predictive potential of social media in three national elections that took place in Chile during 2017. Our objective was to explore a methodological design that allows predicting the result of political elections through the use of inductive algorithms and the automatic processing of messages with political opinion in social media. Through computational intelligence, we were able to follow, collect and analyse millions of tweets, and to improve our forecast each time. Our learning based on empirical research was fundamental to improve our procedures and to refine our variables and, thus, improve our prediction.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)903-923
Number of pages21
JournalQuality and Quantity
Volume54
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Jun 2020
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Chilean’s presidential election
  • Digital demoscopy
  • Election forecasting
  • Political communication
  • Social media

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