Antioxidant properties of mashua (Tropaeolum tuberosum) phenolic extracts against oxidative damage using biological in vitro assays

Rosana Chirinos, David Campos, Marie Warnier, Romina Pedreschi, Jean François Rees, Yvan Larondelle

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

32 Scopus citations

Abstract

Purified mashua extracts (PME) from four different coloured mashua genotypes were assayed for oxidative damage prevention. Three in vitro assays for oxidative damage to biological structures rich in polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA), such as LDL and erythrocytes, were tested: AAPH-induced TBARS assay and Cu2+-induced conjugated dienes assay for LDL oxidation and AAPH-induced oxidative hemolysis of erythrocytes. Additionally, ORAC antioxidant capacity, total phenolics (TP), total flavanoids (TFA) and total anthocyanins (TA) were evaluated. In the presence of 5 μM of gallic acid equivalents (GAE), inhibitions of LDL oxidation for the PME ranged from 29.1% to 34.8% and from 51.8% to 58.1% when the TBARS and conjugated dienes assays were performed, respectively. PME inhibited the hemolysis of erythrocytes within the range 20.8-25.1%. Thus, mashua phenolic extracts are capable of scavenging peroxyl radicals, as well as chelating redox metal ions in vitro. ORAC and LDL protection (TBARS and conjugated dienes assays) showed good correlations with the TP and TFA, suggesting that these compounds have a good ability to protect LDL molecules under the employed conditions. In contrast, inhibition of hemolysis did not show any correlation with the evaluated phenolic assays (TP, TA, TFA) or with any of the evaluated oxidative LDL assays, suggesting a specific action of some non-evaluated compounds present in the PME. The results of this study indicate that the mashua polyphenol extracts displayed good antioxidant properties against oxidative damage in biological structures rich in PUFA. The displayed antioxidant properties could be applied in the field of food or cosmetic industry.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)98-105
Number of pages8
JournalFood Chemistry
Volume111
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Nov 2008
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Antioxidant capacity
  • Hemolysis of erythrocytes
  • LDL oxidation
  • Mashua genotypes
  • Phenolic compounds
  • Tropaeolum tuberosum

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