Association between Emotional Exhaustion and Tobacco Consumption in Teachers

Alexis Portilla, María Fernanda Meza, Pablo A. Lizana

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations


Teachers have been reported as having high levels of emotional exhaustion (EE). It has also been observed that tobacco consumption (TC) is higher during stressful events. However, there is little evidence about the association between EE and TC among teachers. A total of n = 560 teachers took part in this study, where 71.79% (n = 402) were women. For data gather-ing, the EE dimension of the Maslach Inventory for teachers was used, along with a TC questionnaire and the sociodemographic data of the participants. A binary logistical regression model was used for statistical analysis. Regarding TC, over 30% of teachers declared that they smoked; 65% of the teachers presented medium-high EE and 31% of teachers presented high EE. Teachers who said they were smokers had a greater risk of presenting high EE (OR: 1.7, p < 0.05), along with younger teachers (≤44 years; OR: 2.1, p < 0.01). In addition, teachers with high EE also have a high risk of TC. The present study reports an association between TC and high EE category among teachers, regardless of gender. An important association is also observed between the under-45 age group and high EE. These results indicate that teachers should have psychological support and interventions aiding them with facing work stress and TC habits, especially for younger teachers.

Original languageEnglish
Article number2606
JournalInternational Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Issue number5
StatePublished - 1 Mar 2022


  • Emotional exhaustion
  • Mental health
  • Teachers
  • Tobacco consumption


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