Attributes of climate resilience in fisheries: From theory to practice

Julia G. Mason, Jacob G. Eurich, Jacqueline D. Lau, Willow Battista, Christopher M. Free, Katherine E. Mills, Kanae Tokunaga, Lily Z. Zhao, Mark Dickey-Collas, Mireia Valle, Gretta T. Pecl, Joshua E. Cinner, Tim R. McClanahan, Edward H. Allison, Whitney R. Friedman, Claudio Silva, Eleuterio Yáñez, María Barbieri, Kristin M. Kleisner

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

In a changing climate, there is an imperative to build coupled social-ecological systems—including fisheries—that can withstand or adapt to climate stressors. Although resilience theory identifies system attributes that supposedly confer resilience, these attributes have rarely been clearly defined, mechanistically explained, nor tested and applied to inform fisheries governance. Here, we develop and apply a comprehensive resilience framework to examine fishery systems across (a) ecological, (b) socio-economic and (c) governance dimensions using five resilience domains: assets, flexibility, organization, learning and agency. We distil and define 38 attributes that confer climate resilience from a coupled literature- and expert-driven approach, describe how they apply to fisheries and provide illustrative examples of resilience attributes in action. Our synthesis highlights that the directionality and mechanism of these attributes depend on the specific context, capacities, and scale of the focal fishery system and associated stressors, and we find evidence of interdependencies among attributes. Overall, however, we find few studies that test resilience attributes in fisheries across all parts of the system, with most examples focussing on the ecological dimension. As such, meaningful quantification of the attributes’ contributions to resilience remains a challenge. Our synthesis and holistic framework represent a starting point for critical application of resilience concepts to fisheries social-ecological systems.

Original languageEnglish
JournalFish and Fisheries
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - 2021
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • adaptive capacity
  • coastal communities
  • fisheries management
  • global change
  • social-ecological systems
  • synthesis science

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