This research aimed to determine the biochemical profile of leaf, silk and grain samples of eight maize landraces (Zea maysL.) cultivated in southern Brazil. To accomplish this, reverse-phase high performance liquid chromatography-UV-visible (RP-HPLC-UV-vis), UV-vis spectrophotometry, matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOF MS) and chemometrics were used to examine carotenoids and their isomers, anthocyanin and phenolic acids. Leaf tissue samples showed higher amounts of carotenoids (838.6μg/g - Língua de Papagaio variety), anthocyanins (405.8μg/g - Palha Roxa variety) and phenolics (655.0μg/g - Roxo variety), followed by maize silks and grains. RP-HPLC-UV-vis analysis of grain extracts revealed xanthophylls lutein and zeaxanthin as the major compounds. The anthocyanin profile by MALDI-TOF MS identified pelargonidin, cyanidin, peonidin, malvidin and glucoside derivatives in leaf extracts, and silk samples were shown to contain cyanidin, peonidin and 7-methoxy-apigeninidin glucoside. These findings indicate that the discarded material, i.e., leaves and silks, can be prospected as bioactive biomasses useful to industrial sectors.