Bubbles trapped in a fluidized bed: Trajectories and contact area

Raphaël Poryles, Valérie Vidal, Germán Varas

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

This work investigates the dynamics of bubbles in a confined, immersed granular layer submitted to an ascending gas flow. In the stationary regime, a central fluidized zone of parabolic shape is observed, and the bubbles follow different dynamics: either the bubbles are initially formed outside the fluidized zone and do not exhibit any significant motion over the experimental time or they are located inside the fluidized bed, where they are entrained downwards and are, finally, captured by the central air channel. The dependence of the air volume trapped inside the fluidized zone, the bubble size, and the three-phase contact area on the gas injection flow rate and grain diameter are quantified. We find that the volume fraction of air trapped inside the fluidized region is roughly constant and of the order of 2%-3% when the gas flow rate and the grain size are varied. Contrary to intuition, the gas-liquid-solid contact area, normalized by the air injected into the system, decreases when the flow rate is increased, which may have significant importance in industrial applications.

Original languageEnglish
Article number032904
JournalPhysical Review E
Volume93
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - 22 Mar 2016
Externally publishedYes

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