Two carbonaceous-siliceous composite materials, produced by hydrothermal and carbonization processes, were evaluated as immobilization support for lipase from Alcaligenes sp. These materials exhibited similar chemical characteristics but their carbon content and porous characteristics were different, which explain the catalytic behavior and stability of the biocatalysts immobilized on them. Higher activity and immobilization selectivity was achieved with the microporous material that had higher carbon content. The lipase immobilized on the mesoporous material had a higher thermal stability at 55 °C, pH 7.0 or at 40°C in tert-butanol, simulating the reaction conditions required for organic synthesis. Both biocatalysts were tested in the synthesis of palmitoyl ascorbate and they were compared with the commercial biocatalyst QLC. The synthesis conversions with the lipase immobilized in mesoporous materials and with the biocatalyst QLC were similar (50%), but only the former could be reused. These are promising biocatalysts for industrial applications.