Catch efficiency of trawl nets used in surveys of the yellow squat lobster (Cervimunida johni) estimated by underwater filming records

Mauricio Ahumada, DANTE QUEIROLO PALMA, Pedro Apablaza, Rodrigo Wiff, Andrés Flores

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Catch efficiency is an important index to relate observed density to the size of a population in the context of bottom trawl surveys. The estimation of catch efficiency is challenging because it involves independent measures of animals in the path of the bottom trawl. We estimated catch efficiency using an underwater camera system on three trawl fishing vessels used for estimating the density of the yellow squat lobster (Cervimunida johni) off central Chile. During 2015 and 2018, 54 hauls were analyzed, and a total of 20 h of filming were recorded. A total of 4,155 yellow squat lobster individuals were analyzed approaching the net in the path of the trawl, of which 2,330 (56%) were captured and 1,825 escaped underneath the groundrope. The median estimated ranges of catch efficiency varied between 0.81–0.90 for vessel 1, 0.15–0.72 for vessel 2 and 0–0.58 for vessel 3. According to a hierarchical generalized linear model (HGML), fishing vessels and mean depth of hauls showed significant differences in catch efficiency (p<0.05). The results were comparable with estimates available for other crustacean species, and differences among vessels can be associated with differences in rigging configurations. Discussion was focused on the processes affecting catch efficiency and how differential catchability among sampling vessels may bias the construction of spatially explicit density maps and further abundance estimates of yellow squat lobsters in Chile.

Original languageEnglish
Article number101744
JournalRegional Studies in Marine Science
Volume44
DOIs
StatePublished - May 2021
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Bottom trawl
  • Catch efficiency
  • Catchability
  • Cervimunida johni
  • Underwater video
  • Yellow squat lobster

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