Changes of somatotype in high school students, V region, Chile: 1985-2010.

PABLO JOSE LIZANA ARCE, A. Almagiâ Flores, C. Simpson Lelievre, D. Ivanovic Marincovic, O. Binvignat Gutiérrez, F. Berral de la Rosa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

13 Scopus citations

Abstract

To determine the trend of high school students from Valparaíso Chile by means of an anthropometrical somatotype. two samples of students during the years 1984-1985 (86 men and 71 women) and 2009-2010 (77 men and 86 women) between 15 and 18 years of age have been studied. Somatotype was estimated by the Heath-Carter anthropometric method. significant differences were found in all the variables of the somatotype during the periods studied (p < 0.01), except for height (p = 0.176) and humeral breadth in women (p = 0.067). Important distinctions were also found in the endomorphic, mesomorphic and ectomorphic components (p < 0.01). Men measurements registered remarkable differences in all the variables (p < 0.01), with the exception of weight (p = 0.156), calf breadth (p = 0.906) and arm breadth in contraction (p = 0.284). Measurement results of endomorphic (p < 0.01), ectomorphic (p < 0.01) and mesomorfic components (p < 0.05) revealed considerable differences. During the period 1984-1985, men classified as balanced mesomorph 2.7-4.8-3.1 which switched to mesomorph-endomorph 3.8-4.3-2.5 in the period 2009-2010. And the population of women in the 1984-1985 period is classified as mesomorph-endomorph 4.2-4.7-2.1 and changes to a mesomorphic-endomorph biotype 6.6-4.1-1.3 in the 2009-2010. the somatotype of the adolescent population, especially women in Valparaiso, Chile has changed to a predominant endomorphic biotype, and its mesomorphic component has decreased. A high relative adiposity contributes to increase the probability for these people to suffer non-transmissible chronic diseases and cardiovascular issues.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)270-275
Number of pages6
JournalNutrición hospitalaria : organo oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
Volume27
Issue number1
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2012

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Changes of somatotype in high school students, V region, Chile: 1985-2010.'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this