Comparative genomics of pathogenic clavibacter michiganensis subsp. Michiganensis strains from chile reveals potential virulence features for tomato plants

Valentina Méndez, Miryam Valenzuela, Francisco Salvà-Serra, Daniel Jaén-Luchoro, XIMENA ALEJANDRA BESOAIN CANALES, Edward R.B. Moore, Michael Seeger

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

The genus Clavibacter has been associated largely with plant diseases. The aims of this study were to characterize the genomes and the virulence factors of Chilean C. michiganensis subsp. michiganensis strains VL527, MSF322 and OP3, and to define their phylogenomic positions within the species, Clavibacter michiganensis. VL527 and MSF322 genomes possess 3,396,632 and 3,399,199 bp, respectively, with a pCM2-like plasmid in strain VL527, with pCM1-and pCM2-like plasmids in strain MSF322. OP3 genome is composed of a chromosome and three plasmids (including pCM1-and pCM2-like plasmids) of 3,466,104 bp. Genomic analyses confirmed the phylogenetic relationships of the Chilean strains among C. michiganensis subsp. michiganensis and showed their low genomic diversity. Different virulence levels in tomato plants were observable. Phylogenetic analyses of the virulence factors revealed that the pelA1 gene (chp/tomA region)—that grouped Chilean strains in three distinct clusters—and proteases and hydrolases encoding genes, exclusive for each of the Chilean strains, may be involved in these observed virulence levels. Based on genomic similarity (ANIm) analyses, a proposal to combine and reclassify C. michiganensis subsp. phaseoli and subsp. chilensis at the species level, as C. phaseoli sp. nov., as well as to reclassify C. michiganensis subsp. californiensis as the species C. californiensis sp. nov. may be justified.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1679
Pages (from-to)1-29
Number of pages29
JournalMicroorganisms
Volume8
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 2020
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Bacterial canker
  • Clavibacter
  • Clavibacter michiganensis
  • Comparative genomics
  • Pathogenicity
  • Phylogenomics
  • Tomato
  • Virulence

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