Comparing journalism cultures in Latin America: The case of Chile, Brazil and Mexico

Claudia Mellado, Sonia V. Moreira, Claudia Lagos, María E. Hernández

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

69 Scopus citations


Based on interviews with 300 journalists in Chile, Brazil and Mexico, this article describes similarities and differences in their professional cultures. Two competing conceptual explanations are tested: the dominance of political structures, levels of press freedom and the size and concentration of media ownership vs the predominance of political cultures and political parallelism. Although the study provides some evidence in favour of the second scenario - overall in terms of the institutional roles supported by the journalists - neither of the two explanations can fully account for the differences between the countries. Meanwhile, the epistemological and ethical views of the journalists seem to be trapped in contesting terrains of ambiguity, where organizational, media routines and individual factors override country differences.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)60-77
Number of pages18
JournalInternational Communication Gazette
Issue number1
StatePublished - Feb 2012
Externally publishedYes


  • Brazil
  • Chile
  • Mexico
  • journalism
  • journalism culture
  • journalists


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