Comparing team interactions in traditional and bim-lean design management

Rodrigo F. Herrera, Claudio Mourgues, Luis F. Alarcón, Eugenio Pellicer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Scopus citations


There is qualitative evidence showing that design teams that use BIM-lean management have a higher level of interaction than design teams that do not use this management approach. However, there is no quantitative empirical evidence of this higher level of interaction. Therefore, the objective of this paper is to present quantitative empirical evidence of the differences among the various types of interactions of a design team. Two case studies were analyzed, and their design management was assessed from a lean BIM perspective while their team interactions were assessed using social network analysis (SNA). To achieve the aim of this paper, four steps were performed: (1) case study selection; (2) description of the design management of the projects from the lean design management and BIM perspectives; (3) assessment of design team interaction; and (4) comparison using SNA. The results show that the project that applied BIM-lean management exhibited higher levels of interactions among its design team members than the traditional team; transparent, orderly, and standardized information flows; a collaborative, trusting, and learning environment; and commitment management. None of these interaction elements were visible in the project that did not apply BIM-lean management. It is suggested that an analysis be performed on a representative sample of projects in the future so that conclusive statistical inferences could be made.

Original languageEnglish
Article number447
Issue number10
StatePublished - Oct 2021


  • BIM uses
  • Building projects
  • Interaction
  • Lean design
  • Management practices
  • Social network analysis


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