Comparison of anterior segment optical coherence tomography angiography and fluorescein angiography for iris vasculature analysis

CLAUDIO MAURICIO ZETT LOBOS, Deborah M.Rosa Stina, Renata Tiemi Kato, Eduardo Amorim Novais, Norma Allemann

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Scopus citations

Abstract

Purpose: The aim of this study is to perform imaging of irises of different colors using spectral domain anterior segment optical coherence tomography angiography (AS-OCTA) and iris fluorescein angiography (IFA) and compare their effectiveness in examining iris vasculature. Methods: This is a cross-sectional observational clinical study. Patients with no vascular iris alterations and different pigmentation levels were recruited. Participants were imaged using OCTA adapted with an anterior segment lens and IFA with a confocal scanning laser ophthalmoscope (cSLO) adapted with an anterior segment lens. AS-OCTA and IFA images were then compared. Two blinded readers classified iris pigmentation and compared the percentage of visible vessels between OCTA and IFA images. Results: Twenty eyes of 10 patients with different degrees of iris pigmentation were imaged using AS-OCTA and IFA. Significantly more visible iris vessels were observed using OCTA than using FA (W = 5.22; p < 0.001). Iris pigmentation was negatively correlated to the percentage of visible vessels in both imaging methods (OCTA, rho = − 0.73, p < 0.001; IFA, rho = − 0.77, p < 0.001). Unlike FA, AS-OCTA could not detect leakage of dye, delay, or impregnation. Nystagmus and inadequate fixation along with motion artifacts resulted in lower quality images in AS-OCTA than in IFA. Conclusions: AS-OCTA is a new imaging modality which allows analysis of iris vasculature. In both AS-OCTA and IFA, iris pigmentation caused vasculature imaging blockage, but AS-OCTA provided more detailed iris vasculature images than IFA. Additional studies including different iris pathologies are needed to determine the most optimal scanning parameters in OCTA of the anterior segment.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)683-691
Number of pages9
JournalGraefe's Archive for Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology
Volume256
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Apr 2018
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Anterior segment optical coherence tomography angiography (AS-OCTA)
  • Iris fluorescein angiography (IFA)
  • Iris vasculature

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