Conformal consistency relations for single-field inflation

Paolo Creminelli, Jorge Noreña, Marko Simonović

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

145 Scopus citations


We generalize the single-field consistency relations to capture not only the leading term in the squeezed limit - going as 1/q 3, where q is the small wavevector - but also the subleading one, going as 1/q 2. This term, for an (n+1)-point function, is fixed in terms of the variation of the n-point function under a special conformal transformation; this parallels the fact that the 1/q 3 term is related with the scale dependence of the n-point function. For the squeezed limit of the 3-point function, this conformal consistency relation implies that there are no terms going as 1/q 2. We verify that the squeezed limit of the 4-point function is related to the conformal variation of the 3-point function both in the case of canonical slow-roll inflation and in models with reduced speed of sound. In the second case the conformal consistency conditions capture, at the level of observables, the relation among operators induced by the non-linear realization of Lorentz invariance in the Lagrangian. These results mean that, in any single-field model, primordial correlation functions of ζ are endowed with an SO(4,1) symmetry, with dilations and special conformal transformations non-linearly realized by ζ. We also verify the conformal consistency relations for any n-point function in models with a modulation of the inflaton potential, where the scale dependence is not negligible. Finally, we generalize (some of) the consistency relations involving tensors and soft internal momenta.

Original languageEnglish
Article number052
JournalJournal of Cosmology and Astroparticle Physics
Issue number7
StatePublished - Jul 2012
Externally publishedYes


  • cosmological perturbation theory
  • ination
  • non-gaussianity


Dive into the research topics of 'Conformal consistency relations for single-field inflation'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this