Crosslinking of electrospun fibres from unsaturated polyesters by bis-triazolinediones (TAD)

Viviane Chiaradia, Saltuk B. Hanay, Scott D. Kimmins, Débora de Oliveira, Pedro H.H. Araújo, Claudia Sayer, Andreas Heise

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Scopus citations


Crosslinking of an unsaturated aliphatic polyester poly(globalide) (PGl) by bistriazolinediones (bisTADs) is reported. First, a monofunctional model compound, phenyl-TAD (PTAD), was tested for PGl functionalisation. 1H-NMR showed that PTAD-ene reaction was highly efficient with conversions up to 97%. Subsequently, hexamethylene bisTAD (HM-bisTAD) and methylene diphenyl bisTAD (MDP-bisTAD) were used to crosslink electrospun PGl fibres via oneand two-step approaches. In the one-step approach, PGl fibres were collected in a bisTAD solution for in situ crosslinking, which resulted in incomplete crosslinking. In the two-step approach, a light crosslinking of fibres was first achieved in a PGl non-solvent. Subsequent incubation in a fibre swelling bisTAD solution resulted in fully amorphous crosslinked fibres. SEM analysis revealed that the fibres' morphology was uncompromised by the crosslinking. A significant increase of tensile strength from 0.3 ± 0.08 MPa to 2.7 ± 0.8 MPa and 3.9 ± 0.5 MPa was observed when PGI fibres were crosslinked by HM-bisTAD and MDP-bisTAD, respectively. The reported methodology allows the design of electrospun fibres from biocompatible polyesters and the modulation of their mechanical and thermal properties. It also opens future opportunities for drug delivery applications by selected drug loading.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1808
Issue number11
StatePublished - 1 Nov 2019
Externally publishedYes


  • 3 October 2019
  • Accepted: 29 October 2019
  • Published: 4 November 2019


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