Dark energy interacting with dark matter and a third fluid: Possible EoS for this component

Norman Cruz, Samuel Lepe, Francisco Peña

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

14 Scopus citations


A cosmological model of dark energy interacting with dark matter and another general component of the universe is considered. The equations for the coincidence parameters r and s, which represent the ratios between dark energy and dark matter and the other cosmic fluid respectively, are analyzed in terms of the stability of stationary solutions. The obtained general results allow to shed some light on the equations of state of the three interacting fluids, due to the constraints imposed by the stability of the solutions. We found that for an interaction proportional to the sum of the dark energy density and the third fluid density, the hypothetical fluid must have positive pressure, which leads naturally to a cosmological scenario with radiation, unparticle or even some form of warm dark matter as the third interacting fluid.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)135-140
Number of pages6
JournalPhysics Letters, Section B: Nuclear, Elementary Particle and High-Energy Physics
Issue number3
StatePublished - 9 May 2011


  • Cosmology
  • Dark matter
  • Equation of state
  • Interacting dark energy


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