Design, cost estimation and sensitivity analysis for a production process of activated carbon fromwaste nutshells by physical activation

Marcelo León, Javier Silva, SAMUEL RODRIGO CARRASCO HIDALGO, Nelson Barrientos

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

A conceptual design of an industrial production plant for activated carbon was developed to process 31.25 tons/day of industrial waste nutshells as the raw material and produce 6.6 ton/day of activated carbon using steam as an activation agent. The design considered the cost of the main equipment, the purchase price of the nutshells, basic services, and operation. A sensitivity analysis was developed, considering the price of the finished product and the volume of raw material processing varied up to 25%. Furthermore, the total annual cost of the product was determined based on the production of 2100 tons/year of activated carbon. Two cash flows were developed and projected to periods of 10 years and 15 years of production, using a tax rate of 27%, a low discount rate (LDR) of 10% per year, and without external financing. For a 10-year production project, the net present value (NPV) was USD 2,785,624, the internal return rate (IRR) 21%, the return on investment (ROI) 25%, and the discounted payback period (DPP) after the fifth year. Considering a project with 15 years of production, the NPV was USD 4,519,482, the IRR at 23%, the ROI 24%, and the DPP after the fifth year of production.

Original languageEnglish
Article number945
JournalProcesses
Volume8
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 2020
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Activated carbon
  • Economic evaluation
  • Nutshell waste
  • Production cost

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