Determining the Dynamic Characteristics of a Multi-Story RC Building Located in Chile: A Comparison of the Results between the Nonparametric Spectral Analysis Method and the Parametric Stochastic Subspace Identification Method

Fernando Fuentes, Sebastián Lozano, Miguel Gomez, Juan C. Vielma, Alvaro Lopez

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Estimating the dynamic characteristics of instrumented built structures from seismic vibration data collected from built civil structures is essential input information for structural model updating and assessing the health of structures. This study focuses on the earthquake acceleration time histories obtained from several events recorded during its construction phase by accelerometers placed throughout an office building located in Viña del Mar (Chile) to determine its modal features. To this end, the data obtained were analyzed to compare the building’s dynamic properties obtained with two different modal identification techniques. MATLAB programs were developed to implement both methods. The stochastic subspace identification technique for linear systems developed by van Overschee and de Moor was used to study the dynamic properties of the building. In contrast, the nonparametric method employed herein uses correlations and spectral analysis based on the Welch transform in the frequency domain. The investigation demonstrated that both methods identify similar frequencies and that the obtained translational mode shapes exhibit good agreement. Furthermore, the identified frequencies are congruent with the design frequencies.

Original languageEnglish
Article number7760
JournalApplied Sciences (Switzerland)
Volume12
Issue number15
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 2022
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • dynamic characteristics
  • frequency domain
  • nonparametric method
  • parametric method
  • subspace identification

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