Dissipation-driven behavior of nonpropagating hydrodynamic solitons under confinement

Leonardo Gordillo, MONICA AMPARO GARCIA ÑUSTES

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

We have identified a physical mechanism that rules the confinement of nonpropagating hydrodynamic solitons. We show that thin boundary layers arising on walls are responsible for a jump in the local damping. The outcome is a weak dissipation-driven repulsion that determines decisively the solitons' long-time behavior. Numerical simulations of our model are consistent with experiments. Our results uncover how confinement can generate a localized distribution of dissipation in out-of-equilibrium systems. Moreover, they show the preponderance of such a subtle effect in the behavior of localized structures. The reported results should explain the dynamic behavior of other confined dissipative systems.

Original languageEnglish
Article number164101
JournalPhysical Review Letters
Volume112
Issue number16
DOIs
StatePublished - 25 Apr 2014

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