This study presents the results obtained in Chile under the international project "Influence of Environmental Action in the durability of concret, DURACON" that joins 11 countries (Argentin, Bolivi, Brazi, Chil, Colombi, Costa Ric, Mexic, Spai, Urugua, Portugal and Venezuela) that began in 2002. The project considers the exposure of reinforced concrete specimens for at least 5 years at stations located in the marine environment (Valparaíso-PUCV) and urban (PUC-Santiago). The concrete specimens were designed with w/c 0.45 and 0.65 and characterized by determining the compressive strength and tensile strengt, elastic modulu, resistivit, capillary absorpt io, absorption and total porosity. The corrosion of steel was evaluated by corrosion potent ial and cor ros ion current and depth of carbonation in. the concrete to determine the critical onset corrosion. The steels in Marine Station are still in passive stat, while in urban area showed activity one steel in specimen with w/c 0.4, with 15 mm concrete coatin, as well as in one of the steels with w/c 0.65. The results showed that in the marine station the reinforced steel in both concretes were in passive stat, while in the urban statio, one of the steels have activity for w/c ratio 0.4, covering 15 m, and indications of activity in specimens of w/c ratio 0.65 associated to the high pollution of the industrial atmosphere where the station is located (similar to the atmosphere of the city) and to the highest values of capillary absorption that showed concretes of both w/c ratio, compared to the situation of the other countries.
|Translated title of the contribution||Duracon: Effect of the environment on reinforced concrete durability. Results of chile after 5 years of exposure|
|Number of pages||11|
|Journal||Revista de la Construccion|
|State||Published - Aug 2009|