Effect of socioeconomic status on the relationship between short-term exposure to PM2.5 and cardiorespiratory mortality and morbidity in a megacity: the case of Santiago de Chile

Ernesto Pino-Cortés, Luis A. Díaz-Robles, Valeria Campos, Fidel Vallejo, Francisco Cubillos, Jaime Gómez, Francisco Cereceda-Balic, Joshua Fu, SAMUEL RODRIGO CARRASCO HIDALGO, Juan Figueroa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations

Abstract

This work analyzes the relationship between short-term exposure to fine particulate matter and its incidence of respiratory and cardiorespiratory diseases. It involved the socioeconomic status of the population distributed in representative areas of Santiago de Chile, the capital city of Chile. The data used were collected from monitoring stations of fine particulate matter concentrations, classification of cardio-respiratory diseases, and the annual age distribution of the population in the representative areas of this megacity. Also, morbidity and mortality data and the distribution of the forecast of health by geographic zones within the Metropolitan Region were variables of input. The relative risk results showed that the level of risk from exposure to air pollution is not defined solely by the level of exposure to the pollutant when crossing the information considered. Therefore, the age distribution or quality of life of the population will define the susceptibility of this, being able to increase the risk of becoming ill or dying by being exposed to air pollution. This work showed that the exposed results serve as input data for the realization of studies in this area, regarding the cost-benefit that would be obtained by reducing pollutant emissions to the atmosphere, as well as valuable information to develop better air quality management policies.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)509-517
Number of pages9
JournalAir Quality, Atmosphere and Health
Volume13
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 May 2020
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Air quality management
  • Cardiorespiratory morbidity and mortality
  • Particulate matter PM
  • Relative risk
  • Socioeconomic status

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