Effect of temperature downshift on the transcriptomic responses of Chinese hamster ovary cells using recombinant human tissue plasminogen activator production culture

Andrea Bedoya-López, Karel Estrada, Alejandro Sanchez-Flores, Octavio T. Ramírez, CLAUDIA VICTORIA ALTAMIRANO GOMEZ, Lorenzo Segovia, Juan Miranda-Ríos, Mauricio A. Trujillo-Roldán, Norma A. Valdez-Cruz

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32 Scopus citations

Abstract

Recombinant proteins are widely used as biopharmaceuticals, but their production by mammalian cell culture is expensive. Hence, improvement of bioprocess productivity is greatly needed. A temperature downshift (TDS) from 37°C to 28-34°C is an effective strategy to expand the productive life period of cells and increase their productivity (qp). Here, TDS in Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cell cultures, initially grown at 37°C and switched to 30°C during the exponential growth phase, resulted in a 1.6-fold increase in the qp of recombinant human tissue plasminogen activator (rh-tPA). The transcriptomic response using next-generation sequencing (NGS) was assessed to characterize the cellular behavior associated with TDS. A total of 416 (q > 0.8) and 3,472 (q > 0.9) differentially expressed transcripts, with more than a 1.6-fold change at 24 and 48 h post TDS, respectively, were observed in cultures with TDS compared to those at constant 37°C. In agreement with the extended cell survival resulting from TDS, transcripts related to cell growth arrest that controlled cell proliferation without the activation of the DNA damage response, were differentially expressed. Most upregulated genes were related to energy metabolism in mitochondria, mitochondrial biogenesis, central metabolism, and avoidance of apoptotic cell death. The gene coding for rh-tPA was not differentially expressed, but fluctuations were detected in the transcripts encoding proteins involved in the secretory machinery, particularly in glycosylation. Through NGS the dynamic processes caused by TDS were assessed in this biological system.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere0151529
JournalPLoS ONE
Volume11
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Mar 2016

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