Effect of the powder metallurgy manufacture process on the electrochemical behaviour of copper, nickel and copper-nickel alloys in hydrochloric acid

Paula Rojas, Rosa Vera, Carola Martínez, María Villarroel

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Scopus citations

Abstract

In this study materials were manufactured using powder metallurgy, by mechanically milling Cu and Ni and mechanically alloying Cu-Ni (at 50-50 and 60-40% in weight). In order to consolidate samples at the lowest possible temperature, after the milling cold sintering was used at 300°C and 900 MPa. This type of sintering does not always give high densities, though it is effective in not significantly altering the characteristics of the materials obtained from the milling process. The microstructural characteristics of the materials were analysed in each phase by X-ray diffraction, spectroscopy and scanning electron microscopy. Considering the sintering conditions and the materials in question, the results show that high densities were achieved (>90%) with the copper, but the densities were low for the binary alloys and the nickel alone (lt;80%). After the sintering, the electrochemical behaviour of each material was studied in acid media. The results show that under the manufacture conditions of this study, the consolidated 60-40 Cu-Ni and 50-50 Cu-Ni alloys behave better in terms of corrosion in 0.1M HCl than the copper and nickel alone.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4701-4711
Number of pages11
JournalInternational Journal of Electrochemical Science
Volume11
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Jun 2016
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Copper-nickel alloys
  • Corrosion
  • Hydrochloric acid
  • Polarisation

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