Effects of recombinant flagellin B and its ND1 domain from Vibrio anguillarum on macrophages from gilthead seabream (Sparus aurata L.) and rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss, W.)

Roxana González-Stegmaier, Alex Romero, Amparo Estepa, Jana Montero, Victoriano Mulero, LUIS ALBERTO MERCADO VIANCO

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

18 Scopus citations

Abstract

Flagellin is the principal component of flagellum in Gram negative and positive bacteria, and it is also the ligand that activates the Toll-like receptor 5 (TLR5) in mammals and fish. In higher vertebrates, flagellin induces the activation of the membrane-bound TLR5 (TLR5M), which promotes the expression of proinflammatory cytokines and chemokines and the co-stimulatory molecules present in antigen-presenting cells needed for the activation of T cells. In the present study, we report the production of two recombinant proteins of Vibrio anguillarum: i) a full length flagellin B (FlaB) (rFla) and ii) the amino-terminus of the D1 domain (rND1) of the same protein, the region mainly responsible for binding to TLR5 and for the immunostimulatory activity of flagellin. The effects of these recombinant proteins were assessed invitro using head kidney macrophages of gilthead seabream (Sparus aurata L., Perciformes, Sparidae) and rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss W., Salmoniformes, Salmonidae). In both species, 3hof stimulation with rFla and rND1 induced expression of the proinflammatory cytokines interleukin-1β (IL-1β) and tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), and of the chemokine IL-8. In gilthead seabream macrophages stimulated with rFla and rND1, a 900- and 6-fold increase were observed for IL-1β transcription, while a 900- and 3-fold increase were recorded for IL-8 transcription, respectively, as compared to non-stimulated macrophages. In rainbow trout, rFla increased expression of IL-8 40-fold in macrophages, whereas rND1 increased expression of the chemokine 3-fold, as compared to non-stimulated cells. The results obtained for rFla and rND1 demonstrate their modulatory capabilities invitro, suggesting that rFla and rND1 could be evaluated as immunostimulatory candidates for use in farmed fish. However, further invivo studies are needed to confirm and expand on the present results.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)144-152
Number of pages9
JournalFish and Shellfish Immunology
Volume42
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2015

Keywords

  • Fish cytokines
  • Flagellin
  • Teleost
  • TLR5
  • Vibrio anguillarum

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