Fruit residues are attractive substrates for the production of bacterial polyhydroxyalkanoates due to the high contents of fermentable sugars and the fast, simple, and efficient pretreatment methods required. In this study, apple residues, mainly apple peel, were used as the sole carbon source in cultures of the bacterium Azotobacter vinelandii OP to produce poly-3-hydroxybutyrate (P3HB). Conversion from the residue to total sugars was highly effective, achieving conversions of up to 65.4 % w w−1 when using 1 % v v−1 sulfuric acid and 58.3 % w w−1 in the absence of acid (only water). The cultures were evaluated at the shake-flask scale and in 3-L bioreactors using a defined medium under nitrogen starvation conditions. The results showed the production of up to 3.94 g L−1 P3HB in a bioreactor, reaching an accumulation of 67.3 % w w−1 when using apple residues. For the PHB obtained from the cultures with apple residues, a melting point of 179.99 °C and a maximum degradation temperature of 274.64 °C were calculated. A P3HB production strategy is shown using easily hydrolysable fruit residues to achieve production yields comparable to those obtained with pure sugars under similar cultivation conditions.
|Journal||International Journal of Biological Macromolecules|
|State||Published - 1 Jul 2023|
- Azotobacter vinelandii
- Fruit residues
- Sustainable feedstock