Electrosynthesis of Cu-Se films on copper electrodes in alkaline media: A voltammetric, electrochemical quartz crystal microbalance and I/t transient study

Ricardo Córdova, Cristina López, Marco Orellana, PAULA CAROLINA GREZ MORENO, Ricardo Schrebler, Rodrigo Del Río

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

18 Scopus citations

Abstract

The electroformation of Cu-Se phases, obtained by selenizing a thin film of copper deposited on the quartz/ gold electrode system, was studied with an electrochemical quartz crystal microbalance (EQCM) and by cyclic voltammetry (CV) in an alkaline solution (0.05 M Na2B4O7) containing selenide ion. Potentiodynamic parameters showed that the formation of the initial Cu-Se phases (Cu2-Se/Cu3Se2) is ruled by an irreversible diffusion controlled mechanism, where a first electron transfer is the rate-determining step. A CV study was also performed with a bulk copper electrode in 1 M NaOH solution containing selenide ion. The deconvolution of the anodic and cathodic I/E profiles corresponding to the electroformation and electroreduction of the Cu-Se film formed allowed us to establish that, depending on the anodic potential limit of the potentiodynamic scan, the Cu-Se phases formed were either a mixture of Cu2-xSe/ Cu3Se2 or Cu2-xSe/Cu3Se 2/CuSe. An EQCM study showed that, during the initial stage of Cu-Se phase electroformation, water molecules were released from the electrode, In advanced stages of the process, when the electrode was completely covered by Cu-Se compounds, selenide anions were adsorbed on the formed phase. When the anodic potential limit was extended to -0.2 V, copper oxide compounds were formed. The analysis of the cathodic charge related to Cu-Se phase electroreduction and Energy Dispersive X-ray Spectroscopy (EDXS) analysis confirmed that when the anodic limit was -0.8 V, a mixture of different Cu-Se phases was formed. A lit transient study performed with a bulk copper electrode in alkaline solution containing selenide established that the nucleation and growth mechanism (NGM) of the Cu-Se phases takes place through an initial bidimensional-instantaneous nucleation (IN2D), followed by four bidimensional-progressive nucleations (PN2D). These results and atomic force microscopy (AFM) experiences supported that the growth of the Cu-Se films occurs through a layer-by-layer mechanism.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3212-3221
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Physical Chemistry B
Volume109
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - 3 Mar 2005
Externally publishedYes

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