Environmental impact on reinforced concrete structures in the iberoamerican region

O. Trocónis De Rincón, C. Andrade, M. Barboza, F. Irassar, J. C. Montenegro, M. G. De Lima, P. Helene, R. Vera, A. M. Carvajal, R. M. De Gutiérrez, S. Delvasto, E. Saborio, A. Torres-Acosta, J. Pérez-Quiroz, M. Martinez-Madrid, P. Castro-Borges, E. I. Moreno, M. Salta, A. P. De Melo, I. MartínezM. Castellote, G. Rodríguez, M. Derrégibus, M. Sánchez, E. A. De Partidas, V. Millano

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articlepeer-review


This work presents two-year results of the project: "Effect of the environment on reinforcement durability", which is investigating the influence of the meteorological and contamination parameters of the marine, coastal-marine and urban environments on the performance of reinforced concrete, measuring the electrochemical parameters (corrosion rate and corrosion potential). To that effect, concrete specimens, with and without reinforcement, were prepared for electrochemical and physical/mechanical/chemical tests using the existing materials in each participating country, following premises that enabled the preparation of similar concrete samples. Two water/cement (w/c) ratios (0.45 and 0.65) were selected, where the concrete with w/c = 0.45 had to have a minimum cement content of 400 Kg/m3 and the one with w/c = 0.65 a minimum compressive strength of 210 Kg/cm2. Portland I cement was used and the aggregate was a crushed siliceous type with a 13-mm Maximum Nominal Size (MNS) and siliceous sand. The specimens were exposed to the marine environments making a total of 21 test stations distributed among eleven countries (Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Mexico, Spain, Uruguay, Portugal and Venezuela). The environment was evaluated using ISO Standard 9223 and the concrete was characterized by measuring compressive strength, modulus of elasticity, total and effective porosity, chloride permeability according to ASTM standards, as well as the effective porosity and resistance to water absorption using the Fagerilund method. After a one-year exposure, the results of the corrosion potentiality and probability analysis of the reinforcement in the different test stations show that, for marine atmospheres, the most aggressive environment is at the Cabo Raso station in Portugal, inducing the greatest steel-corrosion probability, and the least aggressive is the one at Valparaíso in Chile. For carbonation, it was determined that the concrete prepared in Venezuela is the one that has the greatest probability of carbonation-induced corrosion of the reinforcement, with the test site at Cali, Colombia being the one that would induce least corrosion. These results are comparable with the ones found by using electrochemical measurements, after a two-year exposure.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)63591-635914
Number of pages572324
JournalNACE - International Corrosion Conference Series
StatePublished - 2006
EventCorrosion 2006 - Orlando, FL, United States
Duration: 10 Sep 200614 Sep 2006


  • Atmospheric corrosion
  • Chloride-ion diffusion
  • Environmental factors
  • Reinforced concrete


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