Enzymatic Pretreatment of Microalgae: Cell Wall Disruption, Biomass Solubilisation and Methane Yield Increase

Olivia Córdova, Fabiana Passos, ROLANDO ARTURO CHAMY MAGGI

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Scopus citations

Abstract

Anaerobic digestion of microalgal biomass for biogas production may be limited due to the cell wall resulting in an inefficient bioconversion. Enzymatic pretreatments are applied for inducing cell damage/lysis and organic matter solubilisation and this way increasing biogas production. We evaluated enzymatic pretreatments in different conditions for comparing in relation to cell wall rupture, increase of soluble material and increase in biogas production through anaerobic digestion performance in BMP assay. Chlorella sorokiniana cultures were subjected to three different enzymatic pretreatments, each under four different conditions of enzyme/substrate ratio, pH and application time. The results showed increases over 21% in biogas productions for all enzymatic pretreatments. Enzymatic pretreatment was effective at damaging microalgae cell wall, releasing organic compounds and increasing the rate and final methane yield in BMP tests. We observed a synergistic activity between the mixtures enzymes, which would depend on operational conditions used for each pretreatment.

Original languageEnglish
JournalApplied Biochemistry and Biotechnology
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2019

Keywords

  • Anaerobic digestion
  • Biogas
  • Enzymes
  • Microalgae
  • Pretreatment
  • Synergistic activity

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