Enzymatic production of other lactose-derived prebiotic candidates

Cecilia Guerrero, Andrés Illanes

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review

3 Scopus citations


As presented in "Chapter 4, Enzymatic Production of Galacto-Oligosaccharides and Chapter 5, Enzymatic Production of Lactulose," galacto-oligosaccharides and lactulose are the most significant health-promoting oligosaccharides derived from lactose. However, several other products derived from lactose by either chemical or enzymatic conversion are valuable assets having a variety of food and nonfood uses. This chapter provides information regarding production technologies, applications, and current status for lactosucrose, lactitol, lactobionic acid, tagatose, epilactose, and fructosyl-galacto-oligosaccharides. Most of them are candidate prebiotics, even though not fulfilling all requirements to be considered as such, and also provide functional properties to the food matrices containing them. Some are mostly related to nonfood uses. Lactitol and tagatose are valuable low-calorie, noncariogenic sweeteners acceptable for lactose intolerants and diabetic persons, and the market has been developed based on that. Most important applications for lactobionic acid are related to nonfood uses in organ preservation and cosmetics, while tagatose is also used as cryoprotectant in organ preservation. Epilactose and fructosyl-galacto-oligosaccharides are emerging lactose-derived oligosaccharides whose technological potential needs to be assessed.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationLactose-Derived Prebiotics
Subtitle of host publicationA Process Perspective
PublisherElsevier Inc.
Number of pages31
ISBN (Electronic)9780128027455
ISBN (Print)9780128027240
StatePublished - 7 Jul 2016


  • Epilactose
  • Fructosyl-galacto-oligosaccharides
  • Lactitol
  • Lactobionic acid
  • Lactose
  • Lactosucrose
  • Nondigestible compounds
  • Prebiotic candidates
  • Production of oligosaccharides
  • Tagatose


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