Expression of two indole-3-acetic acid (IAA)-amido synthetase (GH3) genes during fruit development of raspberry (Rubus idaeus Heritage)

Maricarmen Bernales, Liliam Monsalve, Anibal Ayala-Raso, Monika Valdenegro, Juan Pablo Martínez, Dante Travisany, Bruno Defilippi, Mauricio González-Agüero, Sam Cherian, Lida Fuentes

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18 Scopus citations


The conjugation of indole-3-acetic acid (IAA) to amino acids by indole-3-acetic acid (IAA)-amido synthetases (GH3) is an important part of auxin level regulation. However, the auxin conjugation during development of soft fruits such as raspberry is poorly understood. In this study, indole-3-acetic acid (IAA)-amido synthetases in raspberry, designated as RiGH3 (RiGH3.1, RiGH3.5 transcripts) were evaluated during fruit development of raspberry cultivar Rubus idaeus Heritage, and under IAA treatment. The results showed that before to the onset of ripening the fruit size, weight and the expression of IAA-amido synthetase RiGH3.1 transcript levels increased. Then when the fruits attain full development, fruit firmness and titratable acidity decreased, in the contrast to ethylene production and total soluble solids content increasing. However, the RiGH3.5 transcript was found to be expressed primarily in flowers. When compared to untreated control fruit, fruit treated with 1 mM of IAA at white stage, showed an increase of RiGH3.1 transcript during in-vitro assay (10 °C by 18 h). However, no significant change in the levels of RiGH3.5 was observed during IAA treatment. Multiple alignments of the full-length predicted RiGH3.1 protein sequences revealed a high sequence homology with proteins deduced sequences described for other fruit of Rosaceae species. The RiGH3.1 deduced sequence showed the presence of binding motives for IAA and aspartic acid, and indicate that the isolated sequence have the typical motives of GH3.1 protein family. These findings give new insights into the possible role of RiGH3.1 transcripts, and the IAA conjugation (in maintaining the low concentration of free IAA) during raspberry fruit ripening.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)168-175
Number of pages8
JournalScientia Horticulturae
StatePublished - 27 Feb 2019


  • Auxin conjugation
  • Auxin treatment
  • Softening
  • qRT-PCR


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