Gender equality in STEM programs: A proposal to analyse the situation of a university about the gender gap

Alicia Garcia-Holgado, Juanjo Mena, Francisco Jose Garcia-Penalvo, JIMENA ALEJANDRA PASCUAL CONCHA, Mervi Heikkinen, Sari Harmoinen, Lucy Garcia-Ramos, Rita Penabaena-Niebles, Lucia Amores

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionpeer-review

10 Scopus citations

Abstract

According to the Global Gender Gap Report 2020, most of the countries have achieved gender parity in educational attainment. Furthermore, Latin America and Europe have more women than men enrolled in tertiary education. The problem arises when those numbers are analysed by degree studies. There is a gender gap in science, technology, engineering and mathematics (STEM), with a low number of women enrolled in those programs and even lower numbers of graduates. The universities have a key role to steer new conceptions and understanding of the females in STEM. The higher education institutions have to define measures and policies to reduce the gender gap in the careers of the future. This work aims to provide a proposal to analyse the gender equality gap in STEM as a first step to define gender equality action plans focused on processes of attraction, access and retention and guidance in STEM programs. The proposal was applied in ten Latin American universities from Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Ecuador and Mexico, and five European universities from Finland, Ireland, Italy, Spain, United Kingdom.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of the 2020 IEEE Global Engineering Education Conference, EDUCON 2020
EditorsAlberto Cardoso, Gustavo R. Alves, Teresa Restivo
PublisherIEEE Computer Society
Pages1824-1830
Number of pages7
ISBN (Electronic)9781728109305
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 2020
Externally publishedYes
Event11th IEEE Global Engineering Education Conference, EDUCON 2020 - Porto, Portugal
Duration: 27 Apr 202030 Apr 2020

Publication series

NameIEEE Global Engineering Education Conference, EDUCON
Volume2020-April
ISSN (Print)2165-9559
ISSN (Electronic)2165-9567

Conference

Conference11th IEEE Global Engineering Education Conference, EDUCON 2020
Country/TerritoryPortugal
CityPorto
Period27/04/2030/04/20

Keywords

  • Framework
  • Gender gap
  • Self-analysis
  • STEM
  • University

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