Generalized Birnbaum-Saunders kernel density estimators and an analysis of financial data

Carolina Marchant, Karine Bertin, Víctor Leiva, Helton Saulo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

60 Scopus citations


The kernel method is a nonparametric procedure used to estimate densities with support in R. When nonnegative data are modeled, the classical kernel density estimator presents a bias problem in the neighborhood of zero. Several methods have been developed to reduce this bias, which include the boundary kernel, data transformation and reflection methods. An alternative proposal is to use kernel estimators based on distributions with nonnegative support, as is the case of the Birnbaum-Saunders (BS), gamma, inverse Gaussian and lognormal models. Generalized BS (GBS) distributions have received considerable attention, due to their properties and their flexibility in modeling different types of data. In this paper, we propose, characterize and implement the kernel method based on GBS distributions to estimate densities with nonnegative support. In addition, we provide a simple method to choose the corresponding bandwidth. In order to evaluate the performance of these new estimators, we conduct a Monte Carlo simulation study. The obtained results are illustrated by analyzing financial real data.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-15
Number of pages15
JournalComputational Statistics and Data Analysis
StatePublished - 2013
Externally publishedYes


  • High frequency data
  • Kernel nonparametric method
  • Kurtosis
  • Monte Carlo method
  • R statistical computation language


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