Genetic diversity and biological activity of Curcuma longa ecotypes from Rapa Nui using molecular markers

Cristóbal Balada, Mónica Castro, Claudia Fassio, Agustín Zamora, María José Marchant, WALDO ANDRES ACEVEDO CASTILLO, Leda Guzmán

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Curcuma Longa (CL) has been used for hundreds of years by native people from Rapa Nui for the treatment of different illness. Despite this plant was introduced from Polynesia or India, there is still scarce information about its origin. The objective of this study was to analyze the genetic variation of three CL ecotypes based on molecular phylogenetic and genotypification using internal transcribed spacer 2 (ITS2) and simple sequence repeats (SSR). Antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties of rhizomes and leaves extracts of three CL plants were analyzed by spectrophotometric methods and cyclooxygenase 2 (COX-2) inhibition assay. Complementarily, we predicted the potential binding mode and binding energy of curcuminoids and nonsteroidals anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) into COX-2 via molecular docking. The ITS2 sequence shows two major clusters (I and II), group I consisted of Curcuma haritha and group II consisted of different species of Curcuma and Rapa Nui samples (MR-1, MR-2 and RK-2). Results of SSR markers show that genotype MR-2 was similar to MR-1 and RK-2 with 70.8 and 42.9% similarity, whereas genotype was similar to RK-2, MR-1 and MR-2 with 63.9, 43.2 and 42.9% similarity, respectively. MR-1 have better antioxidant and autoinflammatory activity than rest of CL samples due to its high concentration of polyphenols (33.68 mg/g) and curcumin (29.69 mg/g). Furthermore, docking results show that three curcuminoids of CL and selective NAIDs, as celecoxib, etodolac and meloxicam, share the same binding pocket into COX-2. However, three curcuminoids have a lower ΔGbinding than other COX-2 selective NAIDs as etodolac and meloxicam, except for Coxib family as valdecoxib, celecoxib and rofecoxib. Our findings suggest MR-1, MR-2 and MK-2 from Germplasm Bank (Mataveri Otai of CONAF) are closely related to Curcuma amada and Curcuma montana even though they have genetic variability.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)707-716
Number of pages10
JournalSaudi Journal of Biological Sciences
Volume28
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2021
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Antioxidant
  • Curcuma longa
  • Ecotypes
  • Genetic diversity
  • ITS2 sequence
  • SSR marker

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