The present study was focused on the analysis of agronomical, nutritional, physicochemical, and antioxidant properties of six genetically different quinoa (Chenopodium quinoa Willd) genotypes cultivated in three distinctive geographical zones of Chile. Ancovinto and Cancosa genotypes from the northern Altiplano (19 °S), Cáhuil and Faro from the central region (34 °S), and Regalona and Villarica from the southern region (39 °S) are representative of high genetic differentiation among the pooled samples, in particular between Altiplano and the central-southern groups. A Common-Garden Assay at 30 °S showed significant differences among seed origins in all morphometric parameters and also in yields. Altiplano genotypes had larger panicule length but no seed production. A significant influence of the different quinoa genotypes on chemical composition and functional properties was also observed. Protein concentration ranged from 11.13 to 16.18 g.100 g-1 d.m., while total dietary fiber content ranged from 8.07-12.08 g.100 g-1 d.m., and both were the highest in Villarrica ecotype. An adequate balance of essential amino acids was also observed. Sucrose was the predominant sugar in all genotypes. Antioxidant activity was high in all genotypes, and it was highest in Faro genotype (79.58% inhibition).
|Translated title of the contribution||Genetic diversity and comparison of physicochemical and nutritional characteristics of six quinoa (chenopodium quinoa willd.) genotypes cultivated in chile|
|Number of pages||9|
|Journal||Ciencia e Tecnologia de Alimentos|
|State||Published - 1 Dec 2012|
- Amino acids
- Antioxidant activity
- Functional properties