Gravitational lensing under the effect of Weyl and bumblebee gravities: Applications of Gauss–Bonnet theorem

ALI OVGUN , Kimet Jusufi, İzzet Sakallı

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

33 Scopus citations

Abstract

In this paper, we use the Gauss–Bonnet theorem to obtain the deflection angle by the photons coupled to Weyl tensor in a Schwarzschild black hole and Schwarzschild-like black hole in bumblebee gravity in the weak limit approximation. To do so, we first calculate the corresponding optical metrics, and then we find the Gaussian curvature to use in Gauss–Bonnet theorem, which is first done by Gibbons and Werner. Hence, in the leading order terms we show the deflection angle, that is affected by the coupling between the photon and Weyl tensor, and there is a deviation from the deflecting angle as compared with Schwarzschild black hole with Schwarzschild-like black hole in bumblebee gravity. Moreover, we investigate the deflection angle by Einstein–Rosen type wormhole in Weyl gravity and in bumblebee gravity. Interestingly, the deflection angle by Einstein–Rosen type wormhole in bumblebee gravity is found as larger than the deflection angle by Einstein–Rosen type wormhole in Weyl gravity.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)193-203
Number of pages11
JournalAnnals of Physics
Volume399
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Dec 2018

Keywords

  • Classical black holes
  • Deflection angle
  • Gauss–Bonnet theorem
  • Gravitational lensing
  • Relativity and gravitation

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Gravitational lensing under the effect of Weyl and bumblebee gravities: Applications of Gauss–Bonnet theorem'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this