Homothetic Design in Synchronous Reluctance Machines and Effects on Torque Ripple

Mukhammed Murataliyev, Michele Degano, Mauro Di Nardo, Nicola Bianchi, Alberto Tessarolo, Werner Jara, Michael Galea, Chris Gerada

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations


This paper presents a novel design concept for Synchronous Reluctance (SynRel) machines aimed at reducing the torque ripple. Two general sizing approaches based on the homothetic scaling principle are defined and compared. An in depth analysis on the torque ripple, for a wide range of scaled geometries, evaluated by finite element, has been carried out at different operating conditions. A further analysis is performed on 4 scaled geometries that have been optimized starting from 4 random rotor geometries. It is shown that the main rotor geometrical variables converge to similar values for all scaled machines. The accuracy of the proposed model is then validated by comparing the FE simulated torque ripple waveforms with the experimental data carried out, for a range of operating conditions, on a machine prototype. The outcome of this work is a fast and accurate scaling technique for the preliminary design of SynRel machines with reduced torque ripple.

Original languageEnglish
Article number9280361
Pages (from-to)2195-2205
Number of pages11
JournalIEEE Transactions on Energy Conversion
Issue number3
StatePublished - Sep 2021


  • Analytical modelling
  • Saliency ratio
  • Sizing methods
  • Synchronous reluctance machines
  • Torque ripple optimization


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