Hypernymy relations from definiens-definiendum co-occurrence in multiple dictionary definitions

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We present a methodology based on co-occurrence statistics between headwords and words in their definitions in order to derive hypernymy relations from a lexicographic corpus, as part of a more extensive project devoted to the creation of a general purpose Spanish ontology of nouns and its application to the study of predicate-argument structures. The idea of the present proposal is to extract these semantic relations using a statistical technique that allows to combine diverse lexicographic resources. We find that hypernyms of a word are frequently used in its definitions and, similarly, its hyponyms usually are those which have frequent mentions to this word in their definitions. This creates a statistical association between words that allows for a taxonomic structuring of a vocabulary. Preliminary results show precision figures of 71,57% in hypernyms and of 67,97% in hyponyms.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)83-90
Number of pages8
JournalProcesamiento de Lenguaje Natural
StatePublished - Sep 2012
Externally publishedYes


  • Co-occurrence statistics
  • Computational lexicography
  • Hypernymy relations
  • Ontologias
  • Taxonomy extraction


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