Immobilization of lactase for the continuous hydrolysis of whey permaete

A. Illanes, A. Ruiz, MARIA ELVIRA ZUÑIGA HANSEN, C. Aguirre, S. O'Reilly, E. Curotto

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38 Scopus citations

Abstract

The production of lactose-based sweeteners is considered very promising. Fungal lactase has been immobilized on crosslinked chitin to develop a process for the continuous hydrolysis of demineralized whey permaete. The optimization of lactase immobilization on chitin and chitosan was performed, activities of 4 · 105 and 2.2 · 105 u/kg at yields of 33 and 23% were obtained for both supports, respectively. The chitin based catalyst was selected for further studies and a procedure was developed for in-situ enzyme immobilization. The kinetic behaviour of the catalyst was determined to propose a kinetic model for the initial rate of lactose hydrolysis. Pseudo steady-state and long term operation of packed bed reactors with chitin-immobilized lactase ranging from small laboratory to pre-pilot unit was carried out. The results are discussed and compared with commercial immobilized lactases. Preliminary economic evaluation for the production of ultrafiltered whey protein and hydrolyzed lactose syrup, within a dairy industry in Chile, was satisfactory in terms of profitability, both for the chitin immobilized lactase developed and for a commercial immobilized lactase.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)257-262
Number of pages6
JournalBioprocess Engineering
Volume5
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Nov 1990

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