Impact of game-based learning on understanding lean construction principles

Rodrigo F. Herrera, M. Amalia Sanz, Laura Montalbán-Domingo, Tatiana García-Segura, Eugenio Pellicer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

17 Scopus citations


Lean philosophy introduces a new approach for maximizing value while minimizing waste, facilitating sustainable practices at the same time. Companies have become aware of these improvements and are demanding students well formed in Lean concepts. However, to meet this demand, universities must adapt their curricula to include courses that use alternative teaching methods to connect to real contexts. This paper seeks to analyze the benefits of lecture- and game-based learning for developing students' understanding of Lean Construction Principles. A case study is carried out in the "Lean Construction" course of the Master of Planning and Management in Civil Engineering of the Universitat Politècnica de València. A combination of a traditional lecture and three simple games is applied. Descriptive statistics, the Mann-Whitney U-test, and theWilcoxon test are performed to analyze the impact of each activity on the understanding of each Lean Construction Principle. Results highlight the importance of combining the lecture class with multiple games to effectively impart knowledge about Lean principles and their application in the construction industry. In addition, they emphasize the importance of selecting the game according to the Lean principle to be taught.

Original languageEnglish
Article number5294
JournalSustainability (Switzerland)
Issue number19
StatePublished - 1 Oct 2019


  • Civil engineering
  • Construction industry
  • Game-based learning
  • Higher education
  • Lean construction
  • Principles


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