In sílico identification and characterization of putative Dot/Icm secreted virulence effectors in the fish pathogen Piscirickettsia salmonis

Álvaro Labra, Oscar Arredondo-Zelada, Patricio Flores-Herrera, Sergio H. Marshall, Fernando A. Gómez

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Scopus citations

Abstract

Piscirickettsia salmonis seriously affects the Chilean salmon industry. The bacterium is phylogenetically related to Legionella pneumophila and Coxiella burnetii, sharing a Dot/Icm secretion system with them. Although it is well documented that L. pneumophila and C. burnetii secrete different virulence effectors via this Dot/Icm system in order to attenuate host cell responses, to date there have been no reported virulence effectors secreted by the Dot/Icm system of P. salmonis. Using several annotations of P. salmonis genome, here we report an in silico analyses of 4 putative Dot/Icm effectors. Three of them contain ankyrin repeat domains and the typical conserved 3D structures of this protein family. The fourth one is highly similar to one of the Dot/Icm-dependent effectors of L. pneumophila. Additionally, all the potential P. salmonis effectors contain a classical Dot/Icm secretion signal in their C-terminus, consisting of: an E-Block, a hydrophobic residue in -3 or -4 and an electronegative charge. Finally, qPCR analysis demonstrated that these proteins are overexpressed early in infection, perhaps contributing to the generation of a replicative vacuole, a key step in the neutralizing strategy proposed for the Dot/Icm system. In summary, this report identifies four Dot/Icm-dependent effectors in P. salmonis.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)11-18
Number of pages8
JournalMicrobial Pathogenesis
Volume92
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Mar 2016
Externally publishedYes

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