Inhibition of bFGF-receptor type 2 increases kidney damage and suppresses nephrogenic protein expression after ischemic acute renal failure

Sandra Villanueva, Carlos Cespedes, ALEXIS ANTONIO GONZALEZ PARRA, Eric Roessler, Carlos P. Vio

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

27 Scopus citations

Abstract

Recovery from acute renal failure (ARF) requires the replacement of injured cells by new cells that are able to restore tubule epithelial integrity. We have recently described the expression of nephrogenic proteins [Vimentin, neural cell adhesion molecule, basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF), Pax-2, bone morphogen protein-7, Noggin, Smad 1-5-8, p-Smad, hypoxia-inducible factor-1α, vascular endothelial growth factor], in a time frame similar to that observed in kidney development, after ischemic ARF induced in an ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) model. Furthermore, we show that bFGF, a morphogen involved in mesenchyme/ epithelial transition in kidney development, induces a reexpression of morphogenic proteins in an earlier time frame and accelerates the recovery process after renal damage. Herein, we confirm that renal morphogenes are modulated by bFGF and hypothesized that a decrease in bFGF receptor 2 (bFGFR2) levels by the use of antisense oligonucleotides diminishes the expression of morphogenes. Male Sprague-Dawley rats submitted to ischemic injury were injected with 112 μg/kg bFGFR2 antisense oligonucleotide (bFGFR2-ASO) followed by reperfusion. Rats were killed, and the expression of nephrogenic proteins and renal marker damage was analyzed by immunohistochemistry and immunoblot. Animals subjected to I/R treated with bFGFR2-ASO showed a significant reduction in morphogen levels (P < 0.05). In addition, we observed an increase in markers of renal damage: macrophages (ED-1) and interstitial α-smooth muscle actin. These results confirm that bFGF participates in the recovery process and that treatment with bFGFR2-ASO induces an altered expression of morphogen proteins.

Original languageEnglish
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Regulatory Integrative and Comparative Physiology
Volume294
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Mar 2008

Keywords

  • Basic fibroblast growth factor receptor 2-antisense oligonucleotide
  • Kidney
  • Morphogen
  • Regeneration

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