Ionic liquids-based dispersive liquid-liquid microextraction for determination of carcinogenic polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in tea beverages: Evaluation of infusion preparation on pollutants release

Camilo Rivera-Vera, Guillermo Lasarte-Aragonés, Manuel A. Bravo, Daniela Muñoz-Lira, Ricardo Salazar, Carla Toledo-Neira

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

25 Scopus citations

Abstract

A rapid, and sensitive analytical method based on the use of Dispersive Liquid-Liquid Microextraction, ionic liquids and High-performance liquid chromatography equipped with a fluorescence detector for determination of six carcinogenic Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons (PAHs) in tea infusions samples was developed. The effects of various parameters associated to analytical method and tea infusions preparation were studied. Under the optimized conditions the method exhibited good precision, with relative standard deviation values between 2% and 5%, for the six PAHs. Limits of detection of the method achieved for all the analytes were between 2.0 and 30.8 ng L−1, and the recoveries ranged from 56% to 94%. The proposed method was successfully applied to the analysis of twenty-five tea marketed in Chile. The concentration found for the six carcinogenic PAHs were reported for the first time in this study and the values are found between 0.4 and 9.7 μg L−1 for black tea, 7.0–16.3 μg L−1 for green tea and 1.4–8.25 μg L−1 for white tea.

Original languageEnglish
Article number106685
JournalFood Control
Volume106
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2019
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Carcinogenic polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons
  • Dispersive liquid-liquid microextraction
  • Tea infusions

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