Leaching chalcopyrite with an imidazolium-based ionic liquid and bromide

Marcelo Rodríguez, Luís Ayala, PEDRO ADRIAN ROBLES VASQUEZ, Rossana Sepúlveda, David Torres, Francisco Raul Carrillo-Pedroza, Ricardo I. Jeldres, Norman Toro

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations

Abstract

The unique properties of ionic liquids (ILs) drive the growing number of novel applications in different industries. The main features of ILs are high thermal stability, recyclability, low flash point, and low vapor pressure. This study investigated pure chalcopyrite dissolution in the presence of the ionic liquid 1-butyl-3-methylimidazolium hydrogen sulfate, [BMIm]HSO4, and a bromide-like complexing agent. The proposed system was compared with acid leaching in sulfate media with the addition of chloride and bromide ions. The results demonstrated that the use of ionic liquid and bromide ions improved the chalcopyrite leaching performance. The best operational conditions were at a temperature of 90 °C, with an ionic liquid concentration of 20% and 100 g/L of bromide.

Original languageEnglish
Article number183
JournalMetals
Volume10
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 2020
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Bromide
  • Chalcopyrite
  • Ionic liquid
  • Leaching

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